An innovative approach to an old challenge

The fear of fire is as old as mankind. As buildings have become more intricate and complex, the dangers have increased many fold.

 

Sky rocketing number of high rise buildings

Hundreds of high buildings are built each year and they continue to grow both in numbers and in their height. Today there are more than 3020 skyscrapers taller than 150 meters and by the end of 2015, the worldwide number of skyscrapers taller than 200 meters will be more than 860.

 

The number has increased by no less than 170% since 2010, and nearly quadrupled since 2000.

The Causes of Fire

A major fire is a common outcome in disasters. There are many different  causes for a major building fire: 

 

  • Short circuit

  • Gas leak

  • Heat source arising out of negligence

  • Terrorist attack 

  • Arson

  • Earthquake 

  • War (missile hit near a building)

The Challenges of Evacuation from High Rise Buildings

 

  • No method has yet been invented for the safe evacuation of individuals caught by fire on the upper stories of high-rises. 

 

  • Few fire brigades in the world have ladders that reach higher than
    12-14 stories

 

  • Elevators are switched off during a fire and stairwells can quickly fill with suffocating smoke,  the cause of 95%  of all fire-related deaths

 

  • Stairwells can quickly become congestion points, inhibiting both the evacuation of individuals and the extinguishing of fires